杰夫贝佐斯走了太空。第三天:再入

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1961年,25岁时,他成为地球上的第二人,他再入前17次演出。从那以后,超过500人进入太空,但是直到昨天,当18岁的奥利弗·德文亿万富翁和亚马逊创始人杰夫贝斯,贝佐尔“贝斯·马克斯的太空胶囊中越过克朗的线,而且82岁的Wally Funk。 Titov经历了严格的培训和选择过程;越来越的座位从他父亲的拍卖竞标中获得了14个小时的培训。

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但失去了记录并不是Titov的唯一侮辱,他也是第一个太空中呕吐的人。

苏联宇航员长春伦泰夫是一个糟糕的一个月。 1961年,25岁时,他成为地球上的第二人,他再入前17次演出。从那以后,超过500人进入太空,但是直到昨天,当18岁的奥利弗·德文亿万富翁和亚马逊创始人杰夫贝斯,贝佐尔“贝斯·马克斯的太空胶囊中越过克朗的线,而且82岁的Wally Funk。 Titov经历了严格的培训和选择过程;越来越的座位从他父亲的拍卖竞标中获得了14个小时的培训。

但失去了记录并不是Titov的唯一侮辱,他也是第一个太空中呕吐的人。1962年访问西雅图期间,他被问及空间旅行的神奇物业如何 - 你知道,看到天体的天空关闭和地球母亲作为一个嫩地毯,所有人类受到束缚 - 可能会影响他的哲学。第一个花费超过一天的人那个升高的状态下没有。 “有时人们说上帝那里,”他说。 “我整天都心地俯瞰着,但我没有找到那里的人。我既不看过天使也不看。“

Titov于65岁的2020年2020年去世,但某些可能不是天堂,因为他从未买过那个概念 - 他可能会发怒。本月一直是关于如何从太空中查看地球 - 即使是从50或60英里的几乎划分的划分的“空间”的骰子定义 - 将改变你的生活,让你意识到我们都一起,并与上帝面对面,没有Covid面具。

当Bezos和他的三个船员蓝色起源的新谢泼德郊区火箭队从10分钟的旅程中回来时,这很明显。所有四人都同意空间是一个令人敬畏的,改变生活的经历。他的第一次广播采访中,贝奥斯首先说,这是如此压倒性,他没有表达它的口头技能 - 也许只有一个诗人可以做到这一点。后来,一个后的新闻发布会上,他尝试了它。

“我的天啊!”他的第一次回复了关于它觉得的问题。然后他变得非常安静,试图描述一种感觉,几乎像Kubrick 2001年的结束,太空让他恢复了人类状态的原始恢复。 “它感觉如此正常,即使人类被进化到那个环境中,我知道是不可能的,但它感到如此平静,和平。”

并肯定,贝佐斯深深地关心环境 - 他将10亿美元的气候基金投入 - 但他真的没有得到地球的脆弱程度,直到他从kármán线上放下它。 “对我来说最深刻的事情看着地球,看着地球的氛围,”他说。 “当我们我们的车上驾驶时,大气层是如此巨大,我们是微小的东西,大气层太大了。但是当你超越它时,你会看到它非常薄!这是这个小小的脆弱的东西。智力识别它是一回事;看到它是另一件事。“

这是另一个空间亿万富翁,Richard Branson的类似梦幻般的感叹的脚跟,他还将他自己的自筹资金亚坏素Jaunt描绘成超出人类语言的东西。 “我永远不会能够对它进行公正,”他自己的新闻发布会上说道。 “这是难以形容的美丽。”他认为的一个单词是“灵感” - 他的看法中,不是一个无限的空隙,而是一种改变生命的山顶,象征着人类可以实现的目标。

即使是维尔京的铅作业工程师,Colin Bennet飞行中,又跳到了敬畏的火车上,描绘了像天堂一样的空间。 “这是非常禅,”他说。 “也那里很平和。跳出我的是颜色和看起来有多远......我只是迷住了。“

太空旅行,似乎,都是关于灵感,美容和回归......到我们的自然状态?

当然,我们已经听到了大量关于从NASA宇航员凝视地球的无形魔法,他们遇到的,他们他们的工作过程中体验了精神时刻。但随着人们越来越多地访问空间而不是工作,而是为了沉迷于生命变化的经历,启示从偶然的副作用转向问题。太空旅游的前提并不完全保证Satori,但肯定暗示。 (以及漂浮的很多乐趣。视频来自RSS第一步,新谢泼德的胶囊,逐渐掷球,扔球,互相扔球,互相吸引着无重力的食物。)

但即使是杰夫贝斯与空间调情的amazeball-ness涌入的时候,事实最终,所有那种Mumbo Jumbo都对他来说是次要的。空间旅行的刺激和启示是他开始蓝色原因的主要原因的推动者:开始旅程,其中数百万人类将离开地球太空殖民地生活和繁殖,将我们的物种延伸到万亿灵魂。

当我2018年跟他说话时,他明确了:“我喜欢空间的冒险;这很棒,“他说。 “但是,与确保我们的孙子的孙子孙女的重要性相比,这种舞曲与陷入困境的生活。基本上,我们有一个选择作为一个文明的选择,这是我们扩展到太阳系或我们地球上接受瘀滞吗?多年来人们已经有很多原因,因为我们需要去空间所需的原因,这是我个人找到超级激励的唯一一个。“

昨天他的后期新闻发布会上,他重复了这一消息,虽然战胜而避免了明确的空间殖民地的谈话。 “我们所做的不仅是冒险,”他说。 “这也很重要。因为我们正做的事情是大的......我们将建造一个走空间的道路,让我们的孩子 - 他们的孩子 - 可以建立一个未来。“

他继续坚持他的目标并没有逃脱地球,而是节省它,因为它是“太阳系中唯一的好行星”。但是,正如我从2018年的谈话中理解他,他将地球视为保存,一个避风港,这是一旦破坏性制造就会被迁移到难以想象的空间,因此自然生态可以繁荣。人们仍然住这里将是地球的看护人。生活郁郁葱葱的银河殖民地的巨大人口 - 不思考狭窄的国际空间站,而是带湖泊,商场和体育场的大量青翠结构 - 可以返回他们的家庭地球进行访问或居留。

这是梦想贝奥斯自高中培养的梦想,当他崇拜空间殖民地景象的未来学家杰拉尔德·奥尼尔,而未来的蓝色产地创始人甚至将自己的高中毕业言论致敬。太空旅游,正如他昨天所说的那样,朝着这一点迈出了一小步。他的目标是催化一个强大的太空业行业。虽然他的竞争果汁带来了他与处女的竞争,但他的竞争对手,他为政府合同的竞争对手竞争,但他为他们扎根而生于他们,因为他认为空间企业的基础设施将推进那种非常长期的梦想,如果文明,他认为是不可避免的是繁荣。

这种光线中看到,Bezos强调启蒙是企业。如果您要为亚孔骑行收取数十万美元的人,它有助于提供超过成年弹跳的房屋。 Bezos表示,Blue Origin已经排列了1000万美元的乘客承诺,今年将做两个飞行,并希望加强节奏。发射和重用火箭队并融入日常航班时刻表的实践将有助于蓝色起源,以及其他人,降低价格,加法创新,并最终发展太空基础设施贝佐斯。一旦建造,企业家将能够以更少的资金进入该领域。我们将各种新卫星技术中繁华的业务,并且随着行动转移到月球和行星之外,越境的制造将成为可能。至少,根据贝塞斯,这是梦想。

这就是为什么我觉得,即使1961年实现亚孔空间的成就和搁置,本周德克萨斯州德克萨斯州沙漠的新谢泼德的飞行值得注意。 “这将花几十年 - 这是一个很大的愿景,”贝佐斯说昨天。 “大事开始小,这就是它的开始。”

我不确定我买入他的论点,即人类的人们必须从地球上茁壮成长。而且我现困扰了,现,私人空间旅行是亿万富翁的玩具。但是世界上最富有的男人和最聪明的人,这是一个建立了世界上最大的企业之一的人,严重追求了什么将成为一个世界变化的过程。这是一个故事的地狱。

所以安息吧,吉尔曼塔维夫。如果杰夫贝斯斯获得了他的方式,人们不会涌现任何不仅仅是鱼的奇迹讨论水的奇迹。空间将是他们的家,他们的主要亚马逊送货地址。他们不会梦想着空间,他们将无休止地幻想一个叫地球的地方的奇迹,并挽救他们的钱,希望有一天访问它。



英文译文:

It’s been a bad month for Soviet cosmonaut Gherman Titov. In 1961, at age 25, he became the second person to orbit the Earth, a feat he performed 17 times before reentry. Since then, over 500 people have gone into space, but none younger than he—until yesterday, when 18-year-old Oliver Daemen crossed the Kármán line in a space capsule with billionaire and Amazon founder Jeff Bezos, Bezos’ brother Mark, and 82-year-old Wally Funk. Titov had undergone a rigorous training and selection process; Daemen got the seat from his father’s auction bid and trained for 14 hours.

But losing the record wasn’t the only indignity for Titov, who was also the first person to vomit in space. During a visit to Seattle in 1962, he was asked about how the magical properties of space travel—you know, seeing the celestial skies close up and Mother Earth as a verdant carpet where all humanity was bound—might have affected his philosophy. The first person to spend more than a day in that elevated state had none of it. “Sometimes people are saying that God is out there,” he said. “I was looking around attentively all day, but I didn't find anybody there. I saw neither angels nor God.”

Titov died in 2020 at age 65, but somewhere—presumably not heaven, since he never bought that concept—he is probably fuming. This month has been all about how viewing the Earth from space—even the dicey definition of “space” from a barely-there demarcation of either 50 or 60 miles—will change your life, make you realize that we’re all in this together, and put you face-to-face with God, without a Covid mask.

That was readily apparent when Bezos and his three crewmates on Blue Origin’s New Shepard suborbital rocket returned from their 10-minute journey. All four agreed that space was an awesome, life-changing experience. In his first broadcast interview, Bezos first said that it was so overwhelming that he didn’t have the verbal skills to express it—maybe only a poet could do that. Later, in a postflight press conference, he attempted it.

“OH MY GOD!” was his first reply to the question on how it felt. Then he got very quiet and tried to describe a feeling where, almost like the end of Kubrick’s 2001, space had taken him to a primal restoration of the human state. “It felt so normal, even as if humans were evolved to be in that environment, which I know isn’t possible, but it felt so serene, and peaceful.”

And sure, Bezos cares deeply about the environment—he’s put $10 billion into a climate fund—but he really didn’t get how fragile the Earth was until he peered down on it from above the Kármán line. “The most profound thing for me was looking at the Earth, and looking at the Earth’s atmosphere,” he said. “When we’re driving around in our cars, the atmosphere is so gigantic, and we’re tiny things, and the atmosphere is so big. But when you get above it, you see it’s incredibly thin! It’s this tiny little fragile thing. It’s one thing to recognize it intellectually; it’s another thing to see it.”

This came on the heels of similarly dreamy exclamations by another space billionaire, Richard Branson, who also portrayed his own self-financed suborbital jaunt as something beyond human language. “I’m never going to be able to do justice to it,” he said at his own press conference. “It’s indescribably beautiful.” A word he kept using was “inspiration”—space, in his view, was not an infinite void but a life-changing mountaintop that symbolizes what humans could accomplish.

Even Virgin’s lead operations engineer, Colin Bennet, who was on the flight, hopped onto the awe train, depicting space as kind of a heaven. “It’s very zen,” he said. “It’s very peaceful up there as well. What jumped out at me were the colors and how far away it looked … I was just mesmerized.”

Space travel, it seems, is all about inspiration, beauty, and returning … to our natural state?

Of course, we’ve already heard plenty about the intangible magic of gazing down at Earth from NASA astronauts who happened to experience spiritual moments in the course of their work. But as people increasingly visit space not to work, but to indulge in a life-changing experience, revelation moves from a serendipitous side effect to the point of the matter. The premise of space tourism isn’t exactly guaranteed satori, but it’s certainly implied. (That, and a lot of fun floating around. Video from RSS First Step, the capsule of New Shepard, showed the crew tumbling and playing, tossing a ball, and pitching gravity-free Skittles at each other.)

But even as Jeff Bezos was gushing about the amazeball-ness of his flirtation with space, the fact is that ultimately, all of that mumbo jumbo is secondary to him. The thrills and revelations of space travel are but enablers of the main reason he started Blue Origin: to begin a journey on which millions of human beings would leave the Earth to live and reproduce in space colonies, extending our species to over a trillion souls.

He was explicit about it when I spoke to him in 2018: “I like the adventure of space; that's great,” he said. “But that pales in comparison to the importance of making sure that our grandchildren's grandchildren don't face a life of stasis. Basically, we have a choice to make as a civilization, which is, Do we expand into the solar system or do we accept stasis here on Earth? There have been many reasons over the years that people have given for why we need to go to space, and this is the only one that I personally find super motivating.”

Yesterday at his postflight press conference, he repeated the message, though tactically avoided explicit talk of space colonies. “What we are doing is not only adventure,” he said. “It’s also important. Because what we are doing is something big … We’re going to build a road to space so that our kids—and their kids—can build a future.”

He went on to insist that his goal wasn’t escaping Earth, but saving it, as it’s “the only good planet in the solar system.” But as I understood him from hours of conversation in 2018, he sees Earth as a preserve, a haven, that can be conserved once destructive manufacturing is moved to the unimaginable vastness of space, so the natural ecology can prosper. People still living here will be Earth’s caretakers. The huge population of humans living in lush galactic colonies—think not of the cramped International Space Station, but massive verdant structures with lakes, shopping malls, and stadiums—can return to their home planet for visits or residencies.

This is the dream Bezos has nurtured since high school, when he idolized futurist Gerald O’Neill, who popularized the space colony vision, and the future Blue Origin founder even devoted his own high school graduation speech to the subject. Space tourism, as he said yesterday, is a small step toward that. His goal is to catalyze a mighty industry of space businesses. While his competitive juices lead him to compete with Virgin Galactic and especially SpaceX, his rival for government contracts, he’s rooting for them because he believes that an infrastructure for space ventures will advance that very long-term dream, which he believes is inevitable if civilization is to prosper.

Seen in that light, Bezos’ emphasis on enlightenment was business. If you are going to charge people hundreds of thousands of dollars for a suborbital ride, it helps to be offering more than an adult bounce house. Bezos says Blue Origin has already lined up $100 million in passenger commitments, will do two more flights this year, and hopes to step up the cadence. Practice in launching and reusing rockets and settling into a routine flight schedule will help Blue Origin, and others, bring down the price, concoct innovations, and eventually develop that space infrastructure Bezos wants. Once it’s built, entrepreneurs will be able to enter the field with much less capital. We’ll have bustling business in all sorts of new satellite technologies, and, as the action shifts beyond orbiting to the moon and planets, off-Earth manufacturing will become possible. At least, according to the Bezos, that’s the dream.

And that’s why I feel that, even though the achievement of suborbital space was pretty much accomplished and shelved in 1961, the flight of New Shepard in the Texas desert this week was worth our close attention. “This is going to take decades—this is a big vision,” Bezos said yesterday. “Big things start small, and this is how it starts.”

I’m not quite sure that I buy into his arguments that so much of humanity has to live off the planet to thrive. And I’m bothered that, right now, private space travel is the plaything of billionaires. But the world’s richest man and one of the smartest, a man who has built one of the world’s biggest businesses, is seriously pursuing what would literally be a world-changing process. That’s a hell of a story.

So rest in peace, Gherman Titov. If Jeff Bezos gets his way, people won’t be gushing about the wonders of space any more than fish talk about the wonders of water. Space will be their home, their primary Amazon delivery address. Instead of dreaming about space, they will fantasize endlessly about the wonders of a place called Earth, and save their money in the hope of visiting it one day.



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