干旱正在制作克拉马河的婴儿三文鱼病

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这个故事最初出现在高国家新闻中,是气候咨询台合作的一部分。

视频显示清澈的河水在岩石中洗涤岩石作为杨柳舞蹈。但它们不是叶子;他们是少年鲑鱼的尸体,它们中的大多数不再是手指,从克拉马斯河上干旱加剧了温水疾病。

根据Yurok部落渔业部门,自5月4日以来,鱼一直在克拉马斯死亡。今年的干旱是新的气候制度的一部分,盆地正在转向。“同时,计划删除克拉马斯的四个大坝仍在等待联邦能源监督管理委员会的批准。

这个故事最初出现在高国家新闻中,是气候咨询台合作的一部分。

视频显示清澈的河水在岩石中洗涤岩石作为杨柳舞蹈。看起来像叶子漂浮在表面上的小剧。但它们不是叶子;他们是少年鲑鱼的尸体,它们中的大多数不再是手指,从克拉马斯河上干旱加剧了温水疾病。视频标题为yurok副主席弗兰基·乔·迈尔斯拍摄,是剧烈的:“这是当我们不采取行动时的气候变化看起来像什么样的气候变化。”

根据Yurok部落渔业部门,自5月4日以来,鱼一直在克拉马斯死亡。那时,97%的河流捕获装置所捕获的少年鲑鱼被Ceratonova Shasta寄生虫感染,并且已经死亡或在几天内死亡。在一个为期两周的时间内,陷阱中捕获的70%的少年鲑鱼已经死了。

这个春天,Klamath盆地已经处于极端和特殊的干旱 - 四十年中最糟糕的干旱阶段之一。从鱼杀中的灌溉者偏转在5月中旬,从1907年开始运营的“A”运河开始以来第一次,他们不会收到任何水。灌溉者表示,他们需要400,000英亩的水,但今年他们将从Klamath项目中获得33,000英亩的脚 - 历史悠久的低。由于干燥气候,情况对已经以周期性危机模式捕获的陷入困境的地区的情况对这种情况进行了压力。 “对于鲑鱼人,少年鱼杀戮是一个绝对的最差情况,”迈尔斯在一份声明中说。

在关于今年干旱的陈述中,Klamath灌溉区Ty Kliewer主席说:“这不可能更糟。对我们家庭农场和这些农村社区的影响将脱离规模。“


去年夏天也在干燥,农民及其支持者举行拖拉机车队,抗议缺乏水和填海局的分配决策。与此同时,由于去年8月的低流量,在干燥的冬天,水分配持续存在的加热诉讼仍然存在,尤科·部落的船舞仪式被取消。本周,几个灌溉者由Klamath项目头门设立营地,在过去的干旱期间被灌溉者强迫开放。 “这次干旱不是侥幸事件,”Yurok Citizen和Tribal Counsel Amy Cordalis在本周西部持续干旱的房子里作证。 “它是气候变化带来更大的干旱模式的一部分。气候变化不再是一些模糊的未来威胁 - 我们立即看到它的影响。“

潮湿的岁月曾经是常态,干燥年份罕见,但近年来,尤里克·渔业部主任和Yurok Citizen表示,特别是自2014年以来,尤罗克·公民在克拉马斯研究了20年。今年的干旱是新的气候制度的一部分,盆地正在转向。 “良好的水多年来,有足够的水来满足盆地的所有需求现在都是罕见的,”Mccovey说。

随着预测如此严峻,在今年早些时候,社区已经在寻求援助。第一轮干旱救济为灌溉者分配了1500万美元,为克拉马盆地部落300万美元,虽然部落与商业渔民和非营利组织 - 已要求救济2.5亿美元。在一个虚拟论坛中,这可能与国会代表,克拉马斯水中的董事会主席Ben Duval呼吁致辞协议,将“长期稳定”带到盆地。 “可以办到;他在其他地方做了,“他说。过去已经尝试过这种协议,虽然成功等级,但驻克拉马水馆盆地恢复协议之一,从未通过国会制定。

像这样的大规模协议需要大量的联邦参与。室内秘书韦尔兰(Laguna Pueblo)已表示她对Klamath问题的兴趣,但尚未谈论协议。 4月份,承认气候变化和艰难的夏季的影响,她扭转了一些备忘录和特朗普政府的评估,称他们在没有部落磋商的情况下发布,并不反映当前的政府的目标。代表Jared Huffman(D-California)敦促Haaland指定一个“Klamath Czar”-A“能够做出快速和重要决策的”高级手术。“同时,计划删除克拉马斯的四个大坝仍在等待联邦能源监督管理委员会的批准。


英文译文:

This story originally appeared in High Country News and is part of the Climate Desk collaboration.

The video shows clear river water washing over rocks as sunlight dances in the shallows. Small slivers of white that look like leaves float on the surface. But they aren’t leaves; they’re the bodies of juvenile salmon, most of them no longer than a finger, dead from a warm-water disease exacerbated by drought on the Klamath River. The caption to the video, filmed by Yurok vice chairman Frankie Joe Myers, is stark: “This is what climate change looks like when we don’t act.”

Fish have been dying on the Klamath since around May 4, according to the Yurok Tribal Fisheries Department. At that time, 97 percent of the juvenile salmon caught by the department’s in-river trapping device were infected with the Ceratonova shasta parasite, and were either dead or would die within days. Over a two-week period, 70 percent of the juvenile salmon caught in the trap were dead.

This spring, the Klamath Basin is already in extreme and exceptional drought—one of the worst drought years in four decades. Irrigators upriver from the fish kill were told in mid-May that for the first time since the “A” Canal in the Klamath Project began operating in 1907, they would not receive any water from it. The irrigators say they need 400,000 acre-feet of water, but this year they will receive just 33,000 acre-feet from the Klamath Project—a historic low. The situation has put pressure on an embattled region already caught in a cyclical mode of crisis due to a drying climate. “For salmon people, a juvenile fish kill is an absolute worst-case scenario,” Myers said in a statement.

In a statement about this year’s drought, Klamath Irrigation District president Ty Kliewer said, “This just couldn’t be worse. The impacts to our family farms and these rural communities will be off the scale.”


Last summer was also dry, and farmers and their supporters held a tractor convoy to protest the lack of water and the Bureau of Reclamation’s allocation decisions. Meanwhile, the Yurok Tribe’s Boat Dance ceremony was canceled because of low flows last August, and after a dry winter, heated litigation around water allocation persists. This week, several irrigators set up an encampment by the Klamath Project head gates, which have been forced open by irrigators during past droughts. “This drought is not a fluke event,” Yurok citizen and tribal counsel Amy Cordalis testified in a House hearing on the ongoing drought in the West this week. “It is part of a larger pattern of drought brought on by climate change. Climate change is no longer some vague future threat—we are seeing its effects happening now, in real time.”

Wet years used to be the norm, and dry years were uncommon, but in recent years that’s changed, especially since 2014, said Barry McCovey Jr., Yurok Fisheries Department director and Yurok citizen, who has studied fish disease on the Klamath for 20 years. This year’s drought is part of the new climate regime the basin is shifting into. “Good water years where there's plenty of water to satisfy all the needs of the basin are rare now,” McCovey said.

With the forecast so grim so early in the year, communities are already seeking aid. A first round of drought relief allocated $15 million for irrigators and $3 million for the Klamath Basin tribes, though the tribes—along with commercial fishermen and nonprofits—have requested $250 million in relief. In a virtual forum this May with congressional representatives, Ben DuVal, president of the Board of Directors of the Klamath Water Users Association, called for a settlement agreement to bring “long-term stability” to the basin. “It can be done; it has been done elsewhere,” he said. Such agreements have been attempted in the past with varying degrees of success, though one of the last major efforts, the Klamath Basin Restoration Agreement, never made it through Congress.

Large-scale agreements like that require significant federal involvement. Interior secretary Deb Haaland (Laguna Pueblo) has indicated her interest in Klamath issues, but has not yet talked about an agreement. In April, acknowledging the impact of climate change and the difficult summer ahead, she reversed a number of memos and assessments by the Trump administration, saying they were issued without tribal consultation and don’t reflect the current administration’s goals. Representative Jared Huffman (D-California) has urged Haaland to appoint a “Klamath czar”—a “high-level operative who can make quick and important decisions.” The planned removal of four dams on the Klamath, meanwhile, is still awaiting approval by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission.


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